### The Income Statement: Measuring Profit & Loss in Construction

It excludes indirect expenses, such as phone bills, advertising, legal fee, sales, and marketing. Gross profit, also known as gross income, equals a company’s revenues minus its cost of goods sold . It is typically used to evaluate how efficiently a company is managing labor and supplies in production.

Turner, Inc. began work on a \$7,000,000 contract in 2017 to construct an office building. During 2017, Turner, Inc. incurred costs of \$1,700,000, billed its customers for \$1,200,000, and collected \$960,000. At December 31, 2017, the estimated additional costs to complete the project total \$3,300,000.

## Financial Performance

Note that the question asks for the amount of revenue that will be reported in 20X3, not the amount of gross profit. At the end of 20X2, construction was 37% complete (\$30,000 ÷ [\$30,000 + \$50,000]), so the revenue recognized for 20X2 was \$37,500. At the end of 20X3, we know construction was completed https://www.newsbreak.com/@cnn-edits-1668599/3002242453910-cash-flow-management-rules-in-the-construction-industry-best-practices-to-keep-your-business-afloat because the estimated cost to complete as of the end of 20X was zero. Therefore, the \$62,500 remaining revenue on the contract—\$100,000 minus the \$37, recognized in 20X2—was recognized in 20X3. The total percentage of costs that have been incurred is the percentage of completion for the project.

Contribution margins represent the revenue that contributes to your profits after your company reaches its break-even point . Your Project B estimate is \$1,000, with \$900 in costs (\$600 labor, \$240 materials, and \$60 overhead). Creating an appropriate profit margin for your business involves a little bit of trial and error with your profit markup. It’s also essential to remember that your overhead cost isn’t a one-time calculation. Business expenses can increase as well as decrease, so it’s crucial to re-calculate at least twice a year.

## How to calculate COGS in construction

Many service businesses do not track Cost of Goods Sold which we at Lucrum feel is a mistake. Taking this shortcut eliminates the opportunity to track profitability by job or customer. Additionally, labor is a big consideration for Services businesses using COGS. Sales or other production labor can be separated from the overhead of Administrative labor costs.

### How do you calculate construction in accounting?

1. Percentage of Work Completed = Actual Costs till Date / Total Estimated Costs.
2. Earned Revenue till Date = Percentage of Work Completed * Total Estimated Revenue.
3. Over/Under Billed Revenue = Total Billings on Contract – Earned Revenue till Date.