Nós só podemos ver um pouco do futuro, mas o suficiente para perceber que há o que fazer. - Alan Turing
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The Stages of Group Formation for Team Development

Chris feels a sense of camaraderie as group members unite around a common issue. They decide how communication should take place between meetings. Chris emphasizes the importance of attendance and that each member’s input is vital. The hospital CEO asks Chris to create a team to address this issue. The goal is to increase staff participation in the hospital’s annual safety training program. During this stage, members of the team are checking each other out, trying to figure out where the influence and authority in the team resides.

four stages of team formation

As you assign the roles, you’ll evaluate each of your team member’s strengths and how they will contribute to the project. Some team roles and responsibilities will be clear based on the project and the employee’s title. That being said, make sure to play to each person’s overall skills and abilities, too. Check in with them about their long-term goals for their roles within the company and determine if they’re ready for a challenge. Expect to see leadership decisions questioned more in the storming stage, too.

Learning Outcomes

It necessitates a group going through many stages that are not always simple to conquer. On the other hand, When your team adopts the 4 stages of team development, it sets everyone in all positions up to succeed. It’s best if you utilize each step to learn and grasp something new about your teammates while also working to improve your operations. Knowing what to expect at each step allows you to anticipate what can transpire next, better assist your coworkers, and ensure complete alignment on all moving pieces. The
Norming stage is when teams begin to develop close relationships, and the group demonstrates cohesiveness. With a better grasp of shared goals and solidified group structure, members will feel a more profound sense of camaraderie and shared responsibility for the project.

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If tensions aren’t addressed early on, small issues can build up and result in serious confrontations. If roles & responsibilities haven’t been specified yet, some employees might start feeling stressed about their workloads and/or feel like they’re not making any progress. Leading psychologist Bruce Tuckman formulated a model that describes the typical evolution of a team over time called the forming, storming, norming, and performing phases.

Establish team norms

Realign on the team’s purpose to so everyone knows how to maximize their strengths and trust in other’s strengths in times where they need help. As the team begins to move towards its goals, members discover that the team can’t live up to all of their early excitement and expectations. Their focus may shift from the tasks at hand to feelings of frustration or anger with the team’s progress or process.

  • They may be motivated but are usually relatively uninformed of the issues and objectives of the team.
  • Skipping this crucial development stage can stunt a team’s growth and delay true harmony.
  • Enjoy the moment and think back on what made it possible for you to succeed while you take a moment to celebrate.
  • We all perceive things in our own unique way based on past experience and what we know now.
  • This is like describing a car by its model and color without considering what is under the hood.
  • Now that you understand where the stages originated let us go into the 4 stages of team development and discuss the specifics of each step and what they signify for your team.

His new book The Leadership Equation helps leaders achieve strategic clarity, manage change effectively, and build a leadership culture. High-performing teams go through four defined stages to reach their potential. This is true whether your team works remotely or works in person. Understanding the five stages of team development is the first step toward establishing highly productive teams. Norms are only effective in controlling behaviors when they are accepted by team members.

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Often there can be overt pushes by people to assert their importance and authority. For the team leader, this can be challenging – and requires four stages of team formation a deft touch. The team leader may also find that key skills are missing, or that people aren’t committed to being on the team.

four stages of team formation

As the leader, you can delegate much work and instead focus on helping your team members grow. Any changes in the team or people leaving won’t disrupt performance. https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ With internet now being the main means of communication, it becomes even more important for managers to make sure their employees are still meeting physically.

The Four Stages Of Team Development

Even the most high-performing teams will revert to earlier stages in certain circumstances. Many long-standing teams go through these cycles many times as they react to changing circumstances. For example, a change in leadership may cause the team to revert to storming as the new people challenge the existing norms and dynamics of the team. During the Storming stage, team members may argue or become critical of the team’s original mission or goals. During the Forming stage of team development, team members are usually excited to be part of the team and eager about the work ahead.

However, this stage is necessary as teams can only be successful if they are truthful. The forming → storming → norming → performing model of group development was first proposed by psychological researcher Bruce Tuckman in 1965. Experts occasionally refer to the process as Tuckman’s stages of group development, the group development process, or the five stages of team building. In the performing stage, consensus and cooperation have been well-established and the team is mature, organized, and well-functioning.

The 4 Stages of Team Development

Group execution may diminish in this stage since energy is placed into useless exercises. Individuals might differ in group objectives, and subgroups and coteries might confirm areas of strength or understanding. Focus on building a shared understanding across your team and with stakeholders. The team needs clarity and connection more than anything else at this stage. Take the time to call out assumptions about the work and (more importantly) how you’ll work together.

four stages of team formation

Members may express concerns about being unable to meet the team’s goals. During the Storming stage, members are trying to see how the team will respond to differences and how it will handle conflict. Team effectiveness is enhanced by a team’s commitment to reflection and on-going evaluation. In addition to evaluating accomplishments in terms of meeting specific goals, for teams to be high-performing it is essential for them to understand their development as a team.


Resistance to assigned tasks and bristling at certain rules or methods may occur. At this stage, members often begin to question the wisdom of the project at hand or even the purpose of the team itself. These stages are steps in the team building process and are similar to team building best practices. There is a risk during the norming stage that the team can neglect creative thinking and new innovative ideas as complacency sets in.

four stages of team formation

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