### Inventory Turnover: What It Is & How to Calculate It

By looking at all these factors together, you’ll get a more complete picture of how your company is doing. The inventory turnover ratio (ITR) is a formula that helps you figure out how long it takes for a business to sell its entire inventory. A higher ITR usually means that a business has strong sales, compared to a company with a lower ITR. Inventory turnover is a simple equation that takes the COGS and divides it by the average inventory value. This ratio tells you a lot about the company’s efficiency and how it manages its inventory.

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The inventory turnover ratio is closely tied to the days inventory outstanding (DIO) metric, which measures the number of days needed by a company to sell off its inventory in its entirety. The formula used to calculate a company’s inventory turnover ratio is as follows. The inventory turnover ratio is a financial metric that portrays the efficiency at which the inventory of a company is converted into finished goods and sold to customers. Never forget that it is vital to compare companies in the same industry category. A company that sells cell phones obviously will not have an inventory turnover ratio that is meaningful compared to a company that sells airplanes.

## What Can Inventory Turnover Tell You?

This is largely the same equation, but it includes a company’s markup. That means it can lead to a different result than equations that use the cost of goods sold. However, for non-perishable goods like shoes, there can be such a thing as an inventory turnover that’s too high. While high inventory turnover can mean high sales volumes, it can also mean that you’re not keeping enough inventory in stock to meet demand. As an example, let’s say that a business reported the cost of goods sold on its income statement as \$1.5 million. It began the year with \$250,000 in inventory and ended the year with \$750,000 in inventory.

• The first is easy to calculate and gives an overall picture, but it doesn’t account for markup or seasonal cycles.
• DSI is calculated as average value of inventory divided by cost of sales or COGS, and multiplied by 365.
• As problems go, ensuring a company has sufficient inventory to support strong sales is a better one to have than needing to scale down inventory because business is lagging.
• Because the inventory turnover ratio uses cost of sales or COGS in its numerator, the result depends crucially on the company’s cost accounting policies and is sensitive to changes in costs.
• Looking at the descriptions of the highlighted general ledger codes, we can see that many of them are adjustments to the value of inventory for a variety of reasons.
• Inventory turnover is a financial ratio showing how many times a company turned over its inventory relative to its cost of goods sold (COGS) in a given period.

In some cases, the inventory value is the average cost of the inventory at the start of the year (if we’re calculating our metric annually) and the inventory cost at the end of the year. In other cases, people may choose to use the end of year inventory cost. In our example, an inventory turnover of 8 times per year translates to 45.6 days (365/8).

## Financial Accounting

Another ratio inverse to inventory turnover is days sales of inventory (DSI), marking the average number of days it takes to turn inventory into sales. DSI is calculated as average value of inventory divided by cost of sales or COGS, and multiplied by 365. A low inventory turnover ratio might be a sign of weak sales or excessive inventory, also known as overstocking. It could indicate a problem with a retail chain’s merchandising strategy, or inadequate marketing. Analysts use COGS instead of sales in the formula for inventory turnover because inventory is typically valued at cost, whereas the sales figure includes the company’s markup. Some companies may use sales instead of COGS in the calculation, which would tend to inflate the resulting ratio.

• This ratio is important because total turnover depends on two main components of performance.
• To calculate inventory turnover, simply divide your cost of goods sold (COGS) by your average inventory value.
• However, it is essential to remind you that this is only a financial ratio.
• This showed that Walmart turned over its inventory every 42 days on average during the year.
• Measure how many times a year your organization is able to sell your entire inventory.

This influences which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products which of the following factors are used in calculating a companys inventory turnover? or services. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts.